I was asked to create an illustration to show the different types of magic as told by Paolo Chikiamco. So I made an icon for each. Consider this a cheat sheet of Pinoy magic. Just like how you use the periodic table of elements, this can be used to combine different magic to form powerful ones.
Awog: A kind of magic used in Central Panay to guard homes, it prevents an intruder from leaving when he enters a specific place.
Barang: A type of magic where the sorcerer sends insects or animals to appear inside the body of the victim. The sorcerer needs to use special insects and animals usually raised by a sorcerer, to make the magic work. These animals are kept in a special bamboo tube.
Buga: A curative technique that uses chewed betel nut and prayers.
Healing magic: I’ve found no specific name for the techniques of the albularyo, but it’s accepted that he/she has supernatural powers of healing.
Hilo: The creation of a magical poison that can infect anyone who steps atop the ground on which it is buried.
La-ga: A ritual that causes severe illness. Something from the body of the victim--clothes, hair, blood--is mixed in a cauldron and boiled with a “noxious potion” called igdalaut.
Luop: A ritual to divine the source of a natural or supernatural illness. Doesn’t heal anything, just locates the problem.
Paktol: A bit similar to the way voodoo is portrayed in the media, this involves the use of a representation of the victim (a skull, a doll, a photograph) in order to cause harm or death. This may also be the magic known as Pantak amongst the Tausug.
Sampal: Similar to La-ga, but this ritual involves the hair of a dead woman, a leaf, and a particular kind of fish. It causes extreme swelling of the victim’s stomach.
Usik: Similar to Barang, but sources indicate that the difference may lie either in the size of the animals used, or the use of non-living things instead of living things--for instance, needles, or glass.
Further Reading: The above are “contemporary” forms of magic--magic during the periods spoken of in myths and epics was an entirely different sort, practiced by gods and demigods, or contained in magical artifacts or weapons. Speaking of magical objects, I also haven’t touched on the numerous charms/anting-antings and the traditions surrounding them. Let's save that for another time.
[Sources: (1) "Cebuano Sorcery: Malign Magic in the Philippines", by Richard W. Lieban; University of California Press, 1967; (2) “Folk Medicine in a Philippine Municipality”, by F. Landa Jocano; Punlad Research House, Inc., 1973; (3) "Encyclopedia of Folk Beliefs and Customs", by Fr. Francisco Demetrio, S.J.; Xavier University, 1991. ]